ADCArea Development Committee
AWU Association of Water Users
BMC Block Management Committees
CA Conservation Agriculture
CAN Calcium Ammonium Nitrate
CCT continuous contour trenches
CBSLCommunity Based Savings and Loans
CMP Catchment Management Plan
DC District Council
DEC District Executive Committee
DEO District Extension Officer
DSS Decision Support System
EAP Environmental Action Plan
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment
FISPFarm Input Subsidy Programme
FRIMForestry Research Institute of Malawi
GVH Group Village Head
ICM Integrated Catchment Management
IFR Instream Flow Requirements
IWRMIntegrated Water Resources Management
ICRAF International Council for Research in Agroforestry
LFA Logic Framework Assessment
MoU Memorandum of Understanding
NEAPNational Environmental Action Plan
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
NPK Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium (plant macronutrients)
NRM Natural Resources Management
NWRAThe National Water Resources Authority
ORS Oral Rehydration Solution
PIC Project Implementation Committee
PRA Participatory Rural Appraisal
RAAKSRapid (Relaxed) Appraisal of Agriculture Knowledge Systems
SRBMP Shire River Basin Management Program
SWATSoil and Water Assessment Tool
SWOTStrengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats
TA Traditional Authority
VLAPVillage Level Action Plan
VDC Village Development Committee
VHSCVillage Health and Sanitation Committees
VNRMC Village Natural Resources Management Committees
WAT Water Absorption Trenches
WUE Water use efficiency


cm Centimetres
ft Feet/foot
H Head in metres
in Inches
kg Kilograms
kg/haKilograms per hectare
kW Kilo watts
l Litres
l/ha Litres per hectare
l/acreLitres per acre
ha Hectares
m Metres
m2 or m.sqMetres square
mm Millimetres
mm/yrMillimetres per year
P Power in kW
Q Flow rate in cubic meters per second
Wh Energy in watt hours
Wh/m2Insolation i.e. energy per metre square
Wp Peak power
(x)° Degrees (refers to angles)