Disasters and emergencies can happen anywhere and anytime. However in areas where natural resources are degraded or where no disaster planning has taken place, the communities are more vulnerable to the effects of the disasters. Fires can damage and destroy houses, forests, crops and grazing land. Floods can cause personal danger to communities, and can also wash away good farming soil if there is no village-level emergency planning in place. Floods can cut off access to clean water supply, and contribute to the spread of illnesses such as cholera.

These guidelines provide techniques for practical firefighting. The guidelines also provide information about waterborne diseases such as bilharzia, cholera and malaria - and how to provide basic treatment for these. Guidelines provide techniques for emergency planning to ensure preparedness for future disasters and emergencies.